Local Enterprise and Value Chain Enhancement (LEVE) Project: Measuring Job Impacts in the Haitian Apparel Sector Technical Report
The purpose of this study was to estimate the indirect and induced employment impacts of the Haitian apparel manufacturing sector. A focus on job creation solely at apparel manufacturers, often referred to as “direct employment,” underestimates the total number of jobs in the economy that depend on the industry. Indirect employment impacts include jobs elsewhere in the value chain that support apparel manufacturing (i.e., employment by suppliers). Induced employment refers to jobs supported by employees spending the compensation they earn. Understanding indirect and induced employment provides a more comprehensive picture of the employment impact of the apparel manufacturing sector.
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) funded this study through its Local Enterprise and Value Chain Enhancement (LEVE) Project to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the impact of USAID’s work promoting employment in Haiti’s apparel sector. Beyond meeting USAID and LEVE’s needs, this study offers valuable information to the Haitian Ministry of Commerce and Industry (MCI), Association des Industries d’Haiti (ADIH), and the Haitian public sector as they consider public policies that may affect apparel manufacturing in Haiti.